The startle response is one of the classic symptoms of post tramatic stress disorder (PTSD). The diagnostic criteria are:
PTSD is divided into acute and chronic types. PTSD is chronic if lasts more than 3 months. It can occur with delayed onset, meaning the symptoms begin six months or longer after the event.
The above diagnostic criteria is taken from Kaplan's textbook of Psychiatry, 1994 edition. In regard to PPS, one could be experiencing all types of PTSD, acute, chronic, and delayed. Also, the PPS could be a provocator for PTSD related to the original acute polio infection, especially in those who had polio as young children and have little conscious memory of the event, or have fragments of memory such as being separated from parents.
Henry Holland, Richmond., Virginia, USA. Henry4FDR@aol.com
24th May 1997
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